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Here the old pagan Finnish-Ugric, Germanic, Slavic, Baltic and Icelandian goddesses shall dwell again. Suggest me, which one should move in.


 

Slavic Temple

                        

 

 

 

The 'Germanic' Goddesses

I got a very nice email from Pat Deegan
http://homepages.nildram.co.uk/~fealcen/frithstead.htm
with describing a lot of northern goddesses. I have added the information.
Thanks for taking the time Pat. Be blessed.

The Finnish Goddesses
I also got an email from Sanna Jennsen informing me about a lot of Finnish Goddesses. Thank you a lot. 

 

Audumla/Audhumbla

(= she is rich with milk) The food giving cow. She is a symbol for life and fertility. Audumbla was the second living being on earth, after Ymir, the father of the giants. The cow feed herself on the salt that was within the ice. From her udder four milkflows came. The giantfather Ymir drank of those to let his strength grow. The cow licks the human being Buri out of the icy stones.

   

Bestla

(Norse) Giantdaughter of Ymirs kind. Wife of Bor and mother of the first gods: Odin, Vili and Ve.

Bil

A minor Scandinavian goddess according to Snorri Sturlusson - one of two children taken by the moon god Mani.as companions (usually believed to be the basis of the old nursery rhyme "Jack and Jill" along with her brother Hiuki).

Disen7

Norse Naturegoddesses, that brought fertility. The nothern Germanic people worshipped them as helpers in birth also.

Eastre

"Lady of Spring": From Her name, which means "Radiant Dawn," comes our word Easter. At Her spring festival, She is celebrated with singing, dancing, parades, flowers, ringing bells and colored eggs. The rabbit is Her sacred animal.

Eir

Another minor Scandinavian goddess - Rules healing and is one of Frigga's hand maidens.

Elli

The very old but yet powerful nurse of the giant Utgardloki. Thor had trouble to win over her in wrestling. She was also a symbol for the aging itself.

 

 

Freyja, Frija
Freya.jpg

Freya (=Mistress) Somewhat the Great Goddess of Scandinavia and the northern germans. Other name Vanadis (Dise of the Vanen, see Disen)

She is the Goddess of abundance, desire, love, fertility and spring. Also Freya is the incarnation of wisdom and healing.

Freyja is a Vanir, daughter of Njörd and Nerthus (according to Tacitus= Mother Earth), twin sister of Frey. Her husband was the God Od (= Exitement), but because of her similarities with Frigga, she was also thought to be the wife of Odin.

She got two daughters Hnoss (= gem/Kleinod) and Gersemi (= treasure)

She dwells in Folkwang, were she invited half of those, who were slain in battle, to feast on met. She owns a Feather-mantle/costume made of hawk-feathers. Her Totems were the hawks and goshawks. One could add cats to this list, because she drove with a charriot carried by cats to the funeral of Balder.

She is mother and virgin in one. Freya she was named referring to sexual love, death and war.

She also owns a precious necklace named Brisingamen (brisa = bright). Four dwarfs had crafted it and in order to get it, Freyja slept with the four dwarfs each. Loki reported this betrayal to her husband Odin, who ordered him to steal the necklace from Freya and bring it back to the dwarfs. Loki stole the necklace, but Freya found out, who the thief was and forced Odin to bring the necklace back to her.

One holy animal of Freyja is the ladybug, which in German still carries the "Goddess" in name: Marienkäfer. It is a symbol of luck, because of the red body together with 7 black points.

Frigga, Frigg, Fríge

(Frigg = Beloved, Goddess)

Often and for me confusing similar to Freya.
Frig or Frigga would have been Frige in Anglo-Saxon England.

She is of course the highest goddess in the Germanic pantheon. Frigg belongs to the Asen and is the Queen of heaven and clouds.

Daughter of Fjörgyn, mother of Balder and wife of Odin. Tacitus thought she was similar to Venus. The Friday (Friatac) is named after here and is her day. (from the Roman calendar: dies Veneris (Venusday).

She got the following sons: Balder, Höd, Bragi and Hermod.

She was wise and could foresee things, but would never tell. Frigg was also a symbol for the high position that women had in the Germanic society. She was protectress of marriage and wives aswell as a symbol for the female norm.

She dwells in Fensal (Fensalir), owns as Freya a feather-costume and helps women in birth.

Fulla/Volla

A Scandinavian goddess whose name means 'filler' and who carries Frigga's casket (i.e. she rules abundance).

Gefjon/Gefion

Goddess of agriculture/fertility. She was a maid Frigga.
Her name means literally to give. Also she was seen as the goddess of virginity (nothern Germanic people).

A prophetic virgin goddess and a member of the Aesir and Vanir. All women who die virgins go to her hall. She was also a fertility goddess. In one myth, Gylfi, king of Sweden, tells Gefjon, who was disguised as a beggar, that she could have as much of Sweden as she could plough with four oxen in one day. She traveled to Jotunheim and found her four oxen sons whom she had by a giant (she isn't a virgin in this myth!). She returned to Sweden in Midgard with her sons and ploughed all of the land now known as Zealand so it became part of Denmark, thereby tricking Gylfi.

Gna

Gna is a maid of Frigga and her messenger.

Gunnlud/Gunnlöd

"Mistress of Poetry": She is the Norse Goddess Who guards the mead of poetry, Odrerir. She is also known as Gunnlauth and Gonlod.

Gullveig

A Vanir witch/wise women. The Aesir's attempt to kill her brought about the first war in the world (the Vanir against the Aesir) which the Vanir won. The two tribes exchanged gods and then ruled together. Gullveig [Power of Gold] was also called Wala or Heid [witch]. According to some she may be in some relation to Freyja.

 

 

Hel

Goddess of the Underworld. Her realm is Niflheim or Helheim (Underworld) and her hall is called Elvidnir or Eliud/Eljudnir (=misery) and her table is called Hungur (hunger).

She was a daughter of Loki and the giantess Angrboda (Angerbode/ =Fearbringer). She is the sister of Fenrir (Fenris-wolf) and Jormungand (Midgard serpent). The Asen knew about the danger which those three represent to them, so they threw the Jormungand in the sea, where she grew to the Midgard serpent that surrounds the whole world. They chained the Fenrir with an unbreakable ribbon. Finally they put the third child of Loki into the Underworld. There Hel was the mistress of nine worlds, which were part of Helheim. There she ruled as Queen over those who did die of age or illness.

Helheim is a realm which has 32 rivers that all come from the spring Hwergelmer. One of these rivers (Gjöll) surrounds the whole realm. There is a bridge over Gjöll called Gjalar-bridge, on which the giantess-virgin Modgudur (Modgud) keeps watch and asks those who come there: What is your name? What is your family?. Afterwards she shows the arrivers the way to the palace of Hel. Her palace is guided by two virgins (Bigvör and Listvör), who have iron blood. If this blood falls on the earth it causes quarrel and war.

Her realm was not a place of punishment, but the home of those, who did not die of wounds or in battle. Normally their afterlife there was peaceful. Over the times and through the christian belief her realm turned into the horror-afterworld, the hell.

Her image was thought as one of a giantess with a half human-colored, half blue or black body. She feeds on humans (their brain and mark).

She has two aspects: First she is the honored Queen of the Underworld, but she is also one of the demons that want to overthrow the Gods.

She has knife which is called Sultur (gluttony/voracity). Her bed named Kor (exhaustion). The blanket of her bed is Blickandiböl (slander). Her servants were called Ganglate (go slow) and Ganglöt (go lazy).

Hild

"Mistress of Battle": Hild is the Chief of the Valkyries. At the side of Her lover, She makes war against Her father. The battle will continue until Ragnarok, the end of creation.

Hlin

Goddess of comfort/consolation, friendly to the human race, also a maid of Frigga.

Holda

"Host of the Dead": Holda was worshiped by the Thuringians, Hessians and Suevi of modern Germany. She oversees the sky, lakes and streams. She leads the Host of the Dead through the mountains, whose screams are the wild wind. She has come to be called Mother Holle, while Hans Christian Anderson calls Her the Snow Queen. There is some evidence to relate her to Hel.
It could be mentioned in the Holda box that 'Hella' is the Scandinavian version of her (even if She only survives in the nasty xnised version).

Hlodyn

see Jord/Jörd

Hrethra

An Anglo-Saxon goddess whose name might be translated as "Glory" and who named March (well the Anglo-Saxon name for that month once was based on that name).

Huldra

A goddess who was attended by wood nymphs. They had cow tails which could be seen hanging out from beneath their white robes. They were the protectors of cattle, and sang beautifully. She can be see as an aspect of Frigg.

   IDUNA/ Idun/ Iduun

Idun-Apples.jpg

(id = rejuvenate) Goddess of the Asen.

In Norse mythology, she was the wife of the poetry-god Bragi, and the keeper of the sacred apples which gave the gods eternal youth. Daughter of the dwarf Iwaldi.

Norse Goddess of eternal youth and spring. It was her apples that gave the gods their eternal life. When her apples were stolen, the gods began to wither and grow old, like mortals. She was also said to have invented the runic alphabet. Her consort Bragi became the greatest of bards, because she engraved the magic runes on his tongue.

Ilmatar

Finnish Mothergoddess, who created the world out of an egg.

Jord/Jörd

Jörd (= earth) Earth goddess. Mother of Thor and Frigg. Jörd is the daughter of Anar and Nott (night). Also named Hlodyn.

Kipu-tyttö

Finnish "pain-girl" often translated as "Sinew daughter", who is the personification of pain. One asked her to take the pain away, but she is not a goddess according to the Finnish way of seeing things.

Laufey

Mother of Loki, also named Nal.

Lofn

Goddess of matrimonial love and concord.

Matronae

yes, a bit of a shocker but a number of those multiple (often triple) goddesses on the Rhineland had Germanic as well as the better known Celtic names. Two examples are the Matronae Aufaniae and the Matronibus Alagiabus.

Mielikki

Mielikki, Finnish goddess of all who live in the forest, whose totem is the bear, honey paws, who wears sky-coloured stockings and protects all animals and humans who live in or near forests. Her consort is Tapio, who is the god of the plant life, the trees, berries, and other green things growing in the forest. Mielikki is still a popular name for girls in Finland. More Finnish goddesses can be found in the Kalevala, the National Epic Poem.
Thanks a lot for this contribution Kela. (09/01)

Mielikki is sometimes called Anna, Annikki, Annikainen, Anna with the green coat.
She took over the characteristics of Anna, mother of Mary. Mielikki has a son, Nyyrikki or Nyrckes, who gives small animals to the hunters (mainly squirrels), and a daughter, Tellervo, also known as Tyytikki, who helps the people, who get lost in the forest.
 


Nacht

(=Night). Black daughter of a giant. She journeyed the sky in the night and was followed by her son Dagr, the daylight.

also called Sinhtgurt

Nal

see Laufey

Nerthus

Goddess of fertility. (stated by Tacitus) She was mainly worshipped by the Germanic tribes north from the river Elbe. The main place of her cult was an island with a holy (wood) hain.
Norns
nornen34.jpg
The name of the norns means "to whisper or whisperer".

They are the three Spinners of Fate: They are past (URD = measure), presence (VERDANDI = that which comes into being) and future (SKULD = that what will happen). They ruled over the destiny of humans.

While Urd and Verdandi cut runes in a wand, Skud was the one to decide over life or death of the humans. From the well of Urd grew the Yggdrasil.

The Norns are the Northern European variation on a common mythological theme: the Goddesses of Fate. They are usually three in number. The Norns sit at the foot of Yggdrasill, spinning the fate of all beings, Divine and mortal.

Päivä, Beiwe Finnish Goddess of the sun, her name meaning "day",who correspondences to Saule with tears of  Amber.
Ran Goddess of storms. Wife of Aegir.
 

Saga

Goddess who drinks with Odin in her hall Sokkvabekk. Her name means "seeress" and is connected with the norse word for history -- thus, some call her the goddess of history. Some consider her just an aspect of Frigg.

Sif

(= sib) Scandinavian corn goddess ? Wife of the thunder god Thor. Three children with Thor: Magni, Modi and Thrud. From her first marriage she got the son Ull.

Sigyn

Wife of Loki.

Sinhtgurt

see Nacht. (stated with this name in the Merseburger Zaubersprüche)

Sjöfn

Norse Goddess of passion and love.

Skadi (or Skadhi)

Visit this nice site dedicated to her

Skaldi (= shadow/darkness), maybe a Norse Dark Wintergoddess. She is that daughter of the giant Thjazi and wife of the Vanir-god Njörd, who she leaves because ashe wants t dwell somewhere else. She lives in Thrymheim (=noise), which is located in snowy mountains.

Her father was killed by Thor and Loki, so Skaldi went for revenge to Asgard. Odin requested that she forgot her revenge and she agreed to do so, if one of the gods could make her laugh and she would be free to choose a husband. Loki appreaed to her as a goat and danced, which made her laugh. She chose her husband with blinded eyes by searching tte one with the most beautiful feet. Finding it to be Njörd, the God of navigation, not the wanted Balder, she was upset. He loved the sea and she the mountains, therefore they agreed to love each nine days at the place of the other, but that proved to be not satisfiying to them, so they agreed to get divorced.

Skaldi

Sacred Animal: Rabbit. We all now the old story that the bunny brings the eggs on Eastern.  Actually it is a pagan remain. The Rabbit (Skaldi) brings in Ostara, who's sacred symbol the egg is.

Snorta

Norse Goddess of intelligence and good behavior.

Sol / Sunna/ Sonne

The Scandinavian sun goddess. Daughter of the giant Mundilferi and sister of the Moon-god Mani.

Thökk

Giantess and Witch. The Goddess Hel ordered that Balder might only be brought back to life, if all beings cried for him. Thökk was the only one not to do so.

Thrud

(= Strength) Daughter of Thor and Sif. She was engaged with the night-dwarf Alvis. Thrud was the Mistress of Thrundheim were Thors palace Bilskirnir was located.

Tuoni or Tuonetar

Finnish goddess of death and underworld in the Finnish mythology. She is also known as Surutar. She has a swan as her signature animal. She lives in Tuonela.

Var

Var (= contract), Germanic Protectress of contracts. She is the one that hears all oaths and remembers the contracts between men and women.

Vellamo, Veden emäntä, Veden emo, Veden emä, Ve'en emo

Finnish watergoddess. Wife to Ahti. In Eastern Finland often used as the only water deity. Could take a form of a seal.

Volla Name of the Goddess Fulla (see Fulla), stated so in the Merseburger Zaubersprüche, where she is called sister of Frigg.

 

 

Other Norse Goddesses

Link to a Baltic Pagan Site
A wonderful list of Polish-Slavic Goddesses
Slavic Pantheon
Slavic Gods & Goddesses

The Akkan "Ladies of Birth": The Akkan are a quadrinity of Saami Goddesses Who oversee conception, birth and destiny. They are Madderakka, Sarakka, Juksakka and Ugsakka.
   
Anapel "Little Grandmother": this Goddess of the Koryak people of Siberia is Matron of Reincarnation.
Aspelenie "Hearth Snake": Among pre-Christian Lithuanians, Aspelenie was honored as Goddess of Home and Hearth. She took the form of a friendly serpent. The serpent was also considered a servant of the Sun Goddess Saule, and to harm a serpent was a blasphemous offense.
Ausrine and Saule "Ladies Bright": Saule is the Sun Goddess of ancient Lithuania. Ausrine is Her Daughter, the "Lady of the Morning Star." Saule's husband, Ausrine's father, is Meness the God of the Moon.
 
The Bereginy "Wood Maids": The Bereginy, like the Nymphae of Greece and Rome, were spirits of nature. They were honored by women throughout the Slavic regions of Europe even through the Middle Ages.
Dziewanna "Lady of Spring": This Polish Goddess was Matron of Spring and Agriculture. She was especially honored by farmers.
Eastre "Lady of Spring": From Her name, which means "Radiant Dawn," comes our word Easter. At Her spring festival, She is celebrated with singing, dancing, parades, flowers, ringing bells and colored eggs. The rabbit is Her sacred animal.
Haltia "Lady of the Home": This Goddess of the Home was honored by Baltic Finns. The Estonians called her Holdja. Her tale contains a cautionary note for those considering a move to a new home....
Koliada "Lady of Time": Also known as Koljada, this Russian Goddess is the personification of Time and the Winter Solstice. A special festival is held in Her honor at the Solstice.
Lada "Spring Maiden" : Lada, Goddess of Spring and Love, was worshipped throughout Lithuania, Poland and Russia. Spring and love are often placed under the auspices of the same Deity, whether male or female, for obvious reasons: spring is the season of reproduction and new life, often outcomes of love.
Mokosh "Lady of Waters": This Goddess of Moisture was honored throughout Slavic Europe under a variety of related names. Christian writers as late as the 16th century CE complained that women still honored Mokosh.
Mati Syra Zemlya "Mother of the Wet Earth": Slavic Earth Goddess. The origin of her cult is very ancient and located in the Don-region. She was able to foresee the future and was very wise. She could also protect against illness. Slavic village people used to pray to her for a good harvest by sacrificing hemp-oil on the fields.

Nehallenia

Dutch goddess of plenty who ruled over sea-travel and possibly the dead.

Rana Nedia "Lady of Green Hills": She is the Spring Goddess of the Saami. She makes the hills green for the reindeer.
The Zorya "Guardians of the Sun": The Zorya are ancient Slavic sky and light Goddesses, honored particularly in Russia.Sometimes only two in number, They are usually portrayed as three, a not uncommon number.